This post is written in Chinese. Please consider using Google Translate
一路上我看到了許多教堂，有新建的也有廢棄的，數量非常多。這些教堂有天主教，也有新教各教派，聽嚮導說近年來發展最快的是摩門教。我在路邊還碰到了穿着典型的摩門教年輕傳教士，一問果然來自猶他州鹽湖城。島上教派衆多源於其殖民歷史，西班牙人是有文字記錄的最早發現密克羅尼西亞的人，大約是在16世紀。但是一直到19世紀末西班牙纔開始佔領波納佩，在此建立了「昇天的聖地亞哥城」（Santiago de la Ascensión），也就是今天的科洛尼亞（Kolonia）。科洛尼亞得名於西班牙語Colonia，意思是殖民地。沒過幾年，德國從美西戰爭中戰敗的西班牙手裏購買了加羅林羣島，包括波納佩。再到後來一站戰敗，赤道以北的德佔太平洋島嶼都被轉交給了日本。二戰以後就是美國控制了，一直到八十年代獨立爲止。如今島上的人幾乎都信基督教，大概是一半天主教徒，一半新教徒。日本佔領時期也引入了佛教和神道教，根據美國國家史蹟名錄（鏈接），科洛尼亞市政廳附近還有一個日本神社，但是我並沒有找到。
This post is written in Chinese. Please consider using Google Translate
密克羅尼西亞是一個廣義的地理概念，包含了許多小島，馬紹爾羣島、關島也算密克羅尼西亞。密克羅尼西亞由micro和nesia組成，前者意思是微小，後者是希臘語，意思是羣島。所謂的印度尼西亞、波利尼西亞、密克羅尼西亞、美拉尼西亞，都是羣島的意思。密克羅尼西亞聯邦是密克羅尼西亞的一部分，由距離並不近的四個島嶼組成，分別是科斯雷島、波納佩島、楚克島、雅浦島。官方簡稱是FSM（Fedrated States of Micronesia），許多人口頭上也把它簡稱爲密克羅尼西亞，甚至密克羅。波納佩島有兩種拼寫方式，舊拼寫是Ponape，新拼寫是Pohnpei。口語上大家習慣於唸Ponape。
一出機場，我就看到了不遠處一個招牌，上面赫然寫着China Star Hotel（中國之星酒店）。莫非這個島上也有中國移民？二話不說我決定一探究竟，正好我要找地方住。走進去以後，果然發現是中國人經營的旅店和餐廳。前臺工作人員看起來是本地人，但是當他們看到我，以爲我是老闆的朋友，就把老闆娘叫來了。老闆娘出來看到我也挺意外，當我告訴老闆娘我是一個人來「旅遊」的，她更是驚訝。所以我就決定在這住兩晚了。
This post is written in Chinese. Please consider using Google Translate
在夏威夷的一天，順便去了一趟平等院。這個平等院是日本宇治的千年古剎平等院的按比例複製品，建於1053年。平等院附近的神廟山谷（Valley of the Temples）風景十分漂亮，有種瑞士山間的感覺。張學良將軍就葬在平等院旁邊的山上。
走進了「出發大廳」，看到座無虛席的椅子和一個小賣部，後面還有一個廁所，這就是出發大廳的一切了。很遺憾的是，我的Project Fi在這裏沒有信號，這也是第一回我到了一個連Project Fi都沒有信號的國家。不過，出發大廳裏面有Wi-Fi，連上以後是一個付費界面，50MB的流量要$5，可以用信用卡支付。雖然有點貴，但我還是買了試試，果然能用，不過還沒用2分鐘就沒有流量了。我看了看系統的Wi-Fi流量統計，發現纔用了8MB而已，不知道它是怎麼計費的，真是太坑人了。
The "Muslim Ban"
Recently, US President Trump signed an executive order banning national from seven countries to enter the US territory, even if he is a green card holder. The ban has been criticized heavily. Many media interpreted this ban as a "Muslim Ban". Such irresponsible interpretations are strongly provocative, which not only angered the American multiculturalists but also enraged Islamic Jihadists. Although the populations of the seven countries are predominantly Muslim, this does not apply to Muslims from all countries. Thus so-called "Muslim ban" is completely distorting the facts.
The first needed to be declared is that I do not support this ban signed by President Trump, because it is unnecessarily too strict, affecting many people confirmed no threat to the United States. I can totally understand President Trump and many Americans' urgent need for security, hoping to shut out terrorism. In fact, what is needed is just to strengthen the visa processing, as well as the immigration control. This would achieve the same or even better results. After all, terrorists are not only from these countries. Many are even holding EU passports. The seven countries are not all "dangerous", such as Iran, where the so-called terrorism has no foundation among the majority of the population who believe in Shia Islam.
Trump opponents tried to misinterpret the ban, saying it to be a prelude to the expulsion of all immigrants. They say soon Trump will deport Mexicans, Chinese, and even all the other "people of color" or "non-Christians". He is simply Hitler II. However, the US president is not the emperor, and therefore he does not have such a power. On February 3, a Seattle federal judge suspended the ban nationwide. In this regard, Trump is still appealing. No matter who is right, this reflected the separation of powers in the United States. If an order is not widely accepted, it is doomed to fail.
Why the United States has no obligation to accept refugees
I believe the intent of the ban contains the restriction to the refugee influx. CNN who has always been opposed to Trump also recently reported that tens of thousands of refugees with visas are affected by the ban. At this point, I support Trump's decision, because no matter what country the refugee is from, he should be prohibited.
At any time, it is a disaster when a large number of refugees flood into a country. Since the beginning of the war in Syria, millions of refugees entered into Germany through the "Balkan route" benefiting from Merkel's "Welcome Policy", and settled down there. These people do not all come from Syria or other countries at war, but also from relatively safe North African countries, such as Morocco. Merkel's Welcome Policy were not for those economic migrants from safe countries, but facing the influx of millions of refugees, even the identification of the country of origin of the refugees is a problem. How could they do a detailed background check? The consequence of the policy to Germany and other European countries is the deterioration of public security. The public is under the growing threat of terrorism.
A country has no obligation to accept refugees from other countries. Sovereign is a kind of collective property of citizens. Specifically, the right of abode and citizenship are privileges, rather than so-called "natural rights". As a refugee, fleeing is your own freedom, but this is not a reason for other countries to accept you. Countries receiving refugees, like the rich making donations, deserve respect. But countries which do not accept refugees should not be criticized. Requiring a country to accept refugees, is like forcing the rich to donate. It is a moral coercion. Refugees may leave their countries, but it is foolish if you expect other countries to accept you or accuse the country which does not accept you.
Refugees are living in difficult conditions. Indeed, they deserve sympathy. But at the same time, this is due to failures of their own countries. Such failures are accumulated by their progenitors. These people, as their descendants who inherited the blood, should inherit the status of their countries, too, like the people of Western countries inherited everything from their industrious ancestors. Freedom in a country is never free. Everybody is born not equal because there is no isolated individual. Everyone inherits everything from the ancestors, including genes, culture, property, place of birth and citizenship. It is a right for people living in war-torn countries to flee, but the attempts to live in someone else's homeland is not a human right and is not the obligation to other countries. To have the privilege, they need to be recognized and approved by the country they immigrate to. The approvals may be through investment which helps the economy, the expertise as skilled migrants, or just common culture, for example, many European countries are more willing to accept Christians from Syria. All in all, you have the freedom to flee your country, but other countries have no obligation to be your refuge.
I think it is in line with the national interests of the United States for Trump to limit refugees, and to increase the requirements for immigrants based on skills or investments.
Many people who oppose Trump's refugee policy may have arguments, like:
1 "Universal Declaration of Human Rights" supports "freedom of movement".
Yes, it is written like this:
- Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence within the borders of each state.
- Everyone has the right to leave any country, including his own, and to return to his country.
- Everyone has the right to seek and to enjoy in other countries asylum from persecution.
- This right may not be invoked in the case of prosecutions genuinely arising from non-political crimes or from acts contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations.
If you read carefully, you will see Article 13 only mentioned the freedom of movement within the borders, and to leave and return to his own country. The Article 14 limited to political asylum. After all, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights is just a declaration and does not have any binding.
2 Many countries have signed the "Refugee Convention".
The convention has only the rule of "no deportation" and does not mention anything about entry to a certain country. Moreover, the convention only applies to political refugees, not including refugees of war, natural disasters, economic reasons or any other form.
3 It is like China, Soviet Union or North Korean to disallow people to move.
The communist countries are/were restricting people's freedom of movement within the territory, as well as the freedom to leave their country. This is totally different from the prohibition of arbitrary entry of foreigners.
4 US interfered in Middle East wars, leaving a mess, and therefore the US has the obligation to admit these refugees.
There is not enough evidence that the refugee problem in the Middle East is only caused by the United States. Sectarianism and extremism made more people homeless. As for the US invasion of Iraq, each part has no obligation to accept the belligerent other's refugees.
5 If every country is so cold-blooded, where do refugees go?
Wherever refugees go, it is their freedom. Of course, for most people who are unable to obtain the right of abode in other countries, they should stay, try to end the wars and rebuild their countries.
6 Refugees can increase cultural diversity.
Maybe, but is "cultural diversity" really a good thing as many imagine? Stay tuned for my next article "Criticism of multiculturalism."
After a redevelopment, my website (byvoid.com) has supported AMP now. Specificically, when you open any article on byvoid.com on a mobile phone, such as this one, you will see the AMP version. The AMP page loads several times faster than the desktop version and the original mobile version, and requires less traffic, mainly thanks to the dynamic image loading.
AMP (Accelerated Mobile Pages) is an open source project and standard supported by Google. It started in 2015. The name of this project suggests the purpose of making mobile pages to load faster and improve the user experience on mobile devices. As we all know, the impact of loading time on mobile to users is huge, because mobile devices are single-paged. Users lose their patience in milliseconds, while the page is loaded in many seconds. Many studies have shown that XX% more users will simply close the page if it can not be loaded in one more second (I don't remember the number).
AMP includes 3 aspects:
- AMP HTML: Only a subset of HTML tags are allowed, with additional tags like
amp-video, etc. These tags can ensure pages to be loaded smoothly because they do not incur any re-rendering which caused difficulties for users to read.
- AMP JS: Ensure that all resources are loaded asynchronously. Asynchronous scripts are not allowed on the critical path of the page rendering.
- AMP Cache: This is the most critical part: free content distribution network (CDN) provided by Google. All AMP files are cached, including images.
AMP pages are in addition to the original desktop or mobile pages, rather than to replace them. Therefore AMP pages are paired with the existing "canonical pages". For example, inside this page's HTML
head tag we have the following label:
<link rel="amphtml" href="/blog/byvoid-com-amp-enabled?amp=1">
Corresponding to the pair of AMP page,
head tag contains:
<link rel="canonical" href="/blog/byvoid-com-amp-enabled">
The canonical page is the existing non-AMP page. It can be either a desktop version or a mobile version.
Of course, the entire website can have only AMP pages. This is called self-canonical AMP. In this case, we only need to have
link tag pointing to itself, e.g.
<link rel="amphtml" href="the same url">.
Google Search engine indexes the AMP pages along with the paired canonical pages. If contents of the pair are consistent, Google Mobile Search will display AMP links, which are loaded very instantly. The instant loading of AMP pages is currently also supported by Twitter and Pinterest.
Facebook also provides a similar technology, called "Facebook Instant Articles". Its effect is like AMP but in a different way.
China's most popular instant messenger "Wechat" and micro-blog "Weibo" are also similar to Facebook.
Unfortunately, these technologies can only be used in their "walled gardens". AMP is a real open source project and standard. Google only helps you cache AMP pages, and use the cache to accelerate page loading when users click on Google search results only.
This article is machine-translated by Google.
Referred to "Moldova" in this country, I am afraid that most people's first reaction is "heard." This small country in Eastern Europe presence in the world is very low indeed. On the population of Moldova only a few more than three million, while land area equivalent to the Netherlands, there are 16 million. On the economy, Moldova ranked last in Europe, GDP per capita is less than $ 2,000, is China's third than Ukraine, Kosovo is even lower. On the history and culture, it seems to be no significant historical events occurred. Why should I go in this country? To attract my "Transnistria Republic."
Moldova was once part of the Soviet Union, now sandwiched between Romania and Ukraine, two Eastern European countries, the country as individuals born in the Soviet Union in 1991, its predecessor was the "Moldavian Soviet Socialist Autonomous Republic" of the Soviet Union Russian abbreviation Moldavia (Moldavia). After months of careful planning, in March 2016, I finally came to Moldova personally. Why do I call this behavior journey through it? On the one hand because I travel from west to east, from south to north through the most about this country, on the other hand is as if I had time and space through the general returned to the Soviet era, as well as the history of Moldavia.
"Transnistria Republic" is one of the few countries not generally recognized in Europe, it is also considered pro-Russian separatists. The country is located in the eastern part of Moldova, Transnistria zone, most of the territory is located in Transnistria, so called "Transnistria", "outside of the Dniester River." Transnistria's independence from the Soviet Union Moldova's civil war, the cause is due to the Transnistria Slavs dissatisfaction Moldovan authorities tried to incorporate Romania and cancellation of official status of the Russian language. Russia sent a peacekeeping force to interfere civil war, and the garrison has become a patron of Transnistria, a de facto government of Moldova has never ruled Transnistria.
Transnistria Republic on many occasions asked to join the Russian Federation, but did not receive a positive response in Russia. Status of this country have not been recognized by any major country, including Russia. Similarly in Abkhazia, South Ossetia and Karabakh three countries, together with Transnistria, the four pro-Russian separatists since 2007 mutual recognition and establishment of diplomatic relations (recently seemed also added " Donetsk people's Republic " and " Luhansk people's Republic ").
I've always been such a national convergence zone has a very strong interest, plus it is a part of the Soviet Union, I deepened my desire. Many countries joined the Soviet Union and its satellites are the downfall of the night, as if frozen in time that era, cause for regret. Personally visit these sites, brought me more shocked beyond words (see my Bulgarian Exploration and Kosovo a day exploring ).
Moldova and Romania deep ties, because most of the residents of Moldova are the Romance languages Romanians. Moldova historical region contains the Carpathians to the Prut river between the western half and the Prut River to the eastern half of the Dniester River, which is also called the Eastern Bessarabia ( Bessarabia) . Today, the Republic of Moldova is located in Bessarabia, in Romania's western half is also called Moldova region (Romania by the Wallachia, Moldova and Transylvania Transco composition).
In the fifteenth century, Stefan III unified from the Carpathians to the Dniester Moldovan principality, and successfully resisted the expansion of the Ottoman Empire. But then the Ottoman Empire was occupied by Moldova, and ruled for two hundred years. Early nineteenth century Russo-Turkish war , the defeat of the Ottoman Empire and ceded Bessarabia to the Russian Empire. The early twentieth century, Bessarabia briefly independent, but then re-occupied by the Soviet Union. The southern half of the Soviet Bessarabia was ceded to Ukraine, the northern half of the establishment of the "Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic", which is the predecessor of today's Republic of Moldova.
The old capital of Moldova - Iasi
My journey began in Moldova through the trip from Cluj - Napoca to Iasi overnight train, both locations in Romania. Since Basel Feike Lu straight day - Napoca, I chose to fly to Cluj - Napoca, in some local exploring, then take a train to the capital in the history of Moldavia Iasi. Incidentally, Cluj - Napoca (Cluj-Napoca), Transco was the capital of Transylvania (Transylvania) in the past but also a large number of German-speaking inhabitants, called German Klausenburg. Cluj The word comes from the Latin clausus, and Klause homologous, meaning both "canyon", Cluj - Napoca is located gorge. And Napoca is a few decades ago to emphasize the historical identity of the Romanians, with Dacia language name. Transylvania can be split into Latin trans "outer" and silva "forest", meaning the place across the forest.
I advance on the Romanian railway site to buy Advanced single box of ticket ( ticket PDF ), as long as the price of RON 181.05, as long as the equivalent of less than 40 euros. Romanian train senior box is in very good condition, it can be locked to ensure safe, clean and comfortable bunks inside the box as well as sinks and electrical outlets. Train from Cluj departure time is 21:29 at night, to Daya Xi time is 6:49, just right for a night to sleep comfortably.
Then to Iasi, I went to the bus station next to the train station and asked to go to the Moldovan capital Chisinau car. Timetable is not very useful, basic or ask to be on the spot to confirm the departure time. Migrants may be power driven, may also be due to leave the communist-era system of basic education, general English proficiency young Eastern European countries is also good, even if it is less developed, no foreigner place. Confirmed the departure of a group of minibus after 9:30, I teach the Iasi. Minibus conditions in general, inexpensive, as long as 35 Romanian lei, the equivalent of seven euros, although you can also hear a counter-offer.
Moldova Iasi is the cultural and religious center, there are many Orthodox churches. Despite being more than seven in the morning, every church, there are many devout believers, most of the elderly. There are many church door selling candles and some branches of vendors, go to church almost every people will buy it, probably the local religious customs. Iasi not only has a long history of many churches from the war, there are many new churches, more modern interior.
The largest center of Iasi, the most beautiful building is a palace, was the "People's Cultural Palace Iasi."
Iasi There are many communist imprint from red scarf on Pepsi ads can be seen.
Entering "Transnistria Republic"
Moldovan capital Chisinau Iasi to two hundred kilometers, taking into account the infrastructure, backward Eastern European countries, is estimated to fifty-six hours to get to. Surprisingly, after only three and a half hours less bumpy ride, I went to Chisinau. Chisinau after, I bought a local phone card for Internet access, the clerk comes to Transnistria before you buy can also be used, in fact, not the line. 4G unlimited traffic card price 30 days as long as 50 Moldovan, almost as long as 2 euros. I found the phone traffic communist countries of Eastern Europe before the price is very cheap, including Russia, Ukraine, the Caucasus and the former Yugoslavia to join the country. These countries may be left over from a huge infrastructure, but per capita income is very low, so in order to have cheap communication. On the other hand should thank Huawei, many operators of the communications infrastructure in these countries have used Huawei equipment, but also cheap quality assurance.
Near the bus station just had something to eat, and at the station near the bazaar around the shop, I got on a minibus to Transnistria capital Tiraspol. The minibus cheaper, as long as 36.5 Moldovan, which is less than 2 euros. We drove one hour later, we went to the Dniester River "border checkpoints," this is not a border checkpoint, but checkpoint Transnistria unilaterally established. That is, since Moldova does not recognize Transnistria independence, no freedom of movement in "the territory of Moldova" set limits. The other side of the Dniester River consider themselves an independent country, so of course you want to set up a border. This side of the border there, while there is no border situation like Serbia and Kosovo ( Kosovo Travels ).
Checkpoint police car owner came to check identity documents, because I was the only foreigner, it was brought to the checkpoint hut registration status. When asked about the registration on me to do, and the residence address, and then gave me a printed "immigration card." It is said that immigrants do not lose the card, otherwise it will exit in big trouble.
Is 70 km from Chisinau, on the road spent a total of half an hour, I finally arrived at the legendary Tiraspol. Tiraspol bus station in front of the train station, in fact, no specific bus station, just a few stops only. I saw to Moscow, St. Petersburg, Sochi, Yalta, Kiev, Odessa stop sign, showing a much closer Transnistria with Russia, Ukraine ties than with Moldova, Romania ties.
The typical architectural style of the Soviet Union Station. While read Cyrillic Romanian гара (gara), the other side says Russian вокзал (vokzal).
Inside the train station hanging year timetable (possibly the Soviet era), who here is a transportation hub, with several classes to Moscow by train, as well as to the Crimean capital of Simferopol, the Bulgarian coastal city every day Varna, and even as far as the Arctic Circle to the city of Murmansk. After the fall of the Soviet Union allies, the gradual decline of passenger rail, bus became the main alternative modes of transportation. Today, only two lines have been Tiraspol, Chisinau to Moscow is one, one is Chisinau to Odessa.
Moldova there is little tourism, but very few people visit the Dniester River. Tiraspol I stayed at a place called Go Tiraspol Hostel where a Soviet-style community located upstairs (now renamed the Lenin Street Hostel). Go Tiraspol Hostel is a time not long opened youth hostel, in fact, more should be said that B & B, is Dmitri sideline business. In Transnistria, even if it is for any business operating hotels are very difficult. In order to avoid regulatory authorities (blackmail), Dmitri gave me another address when registration for entry, but do not know why immigration officials said address is not valid point, I had to provide a real address. Because of my "migrant card" valid for only one day, but I want to stay for two nights, Dmitri also specifically took me to the local police station to register, to extend my immigration card is valid.
After the registration finished, I went to a nearby supermarket which changed the local currency "Transnistrian ruble." Local banks do not seem to connect with the outside world, all ATM machines can only use a local bank card, so I can only take cash for euro. Transnistrian ruble is the currency in a completely controlled by the authorities, all the same price points redemption, and bid-ask spread is not small. I use 1: 12.6 exchange rate change of 20 euros.
Transnistrian ruble by Transnistria issue of the Central Bank of the Republic, is the only local legal tender. Moldovan can not be used in the local area, but can be exchanged. In turn, the control region of Moldova, Transnistrian ruble is waste paper, simply can not be redeemed. Transnistrian ruble the most unique place in that it has three rubles, 5 rubles, 10 rubles plastic coins, game cards like the same.
Transnistria price is very cheap, cheaper than Moldova, but mainly low-end services and products related to the labor force. Prices of local high places is not cheap, not local people generally affordable. Since the first night really do not know what to eat, so he walked into an upscale restaurant. Elegant surroundings restaurant, elegant decoration, customer looks are rich. I ordered a barbecue and Dniester style red soup, red soup taste very good, with freshly baked bread, sliced garlic, can be said to be the best I have tasted drink red soup. The last price is 142 rubles, equivalent to 11.2 euros. The price is cheap for lunch the next day I was five times the price.
After dinner I was the only one returned youth hostels, Dmitri his friend Irina also called over, second and third day of the planned itinerary. Irina is a local English teacher, Dmitri let her take me the next day to visit Tiraspol and Bender near the castle, she can be considered a low-income subsidy. The three of us chatted for a long time, they introduced me to all aspects of the Dniester River. Most Russians Dniester River want to join Russia, not because, as a resource, it is not internationally recognized small countries, their development is too limited a. Here the Russians generally have at least two passports, someone has three or even four. First Transnistria Republic passport, the passport documents only when the domestic use, there is no national recognition.
Secondly, Russia may apply for a passport in Russia, Ukraine Ukraine may apply for a passport, if the two countries have relatives, then two passports can apply. Finally, some people still apply for a passport Moldova, purely in the EU in order to facilitate travel (visa), most people do not want to apply for self-esteem Moldova passport. Dmitri had Transnistria, Russia, Moldova three passports.
Income of local civilian population is very low, basically the lowest level in Europe, probably with considerable Ukraine, in terms of monthly salary is about 100 euros. Due to low local price, according to purchasing power parity, I guess probably the equivalent of 250 euros purchasing power in Germany. Taking into account the income of local people, local imports can be said to be expensive. Russia and Ukraine similar, Transnistria's economy is controlled oligarchy "dual economic system." The so-called binary and refers to the middle class in this country no social structure, society is split to the wealthy few and the vast majority of the poor. Due to currency instability, things are a little bit expensive euro, dollar-denominated, while the local currency inflation seriously. Long-term result of the high inflation is to master a large number of assets, foreign exchange rich are getting richer, the poor hands of only the local currency has been poor. This social structure seems very unstable, we are not afraid of the poor rich rebel it? Of course afraid, so rich in basic property in Switzerland, Panama, Cyprus and obtain a passport ready Pao Lu.
By and Dmitri, Irina chat, and later observed, Transnistria also retained similar to the Soviet economic system. Former state enterprises were privatized several oligarchs, of which the most prominent is called a Sheriff ) Group, in business for supermarkets, gas stations, restaurants, factories, import and export, football, almost all industries. Transnistria people to be proud to work for Sheriff. Sheriff and governments, central banks are closely related, and even can be said that corporate control of the economy of the whole country Dniester ruble is almost Sheriff Group coupon.
In addition to Sheriff Group, as well as industrial plants Transnistria and Russian military bases. Dmitri special day trip back took me to the south along the Dniester River near the Ukrainian border on a Soviet-era legacy of power plants.